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CFL and LED

CFL (Compact Fluorescent Lamps) :-

Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) combine the energy efficiency of fluorescent lighting with the convenience and popularity of incandescent fixtures. CFLs can replace incandescent that are roughly 3–4 times their wattage, saving up to 75% of the initial lighting energy. Although CFLs cost 3–10 times more than comparable incandescent bulbs, they last 6–15 times as long (6,000–15,000 hours).

 

How They Work

 

 

CFLs work much like standard fluorescent lamps. They consist of two parts: a gas-filled tube, and magnetic or electronic ballast. The gas in the tube glows with ultraviolet light when electricity from the ballast flows through it. This in turn excites a white phosphor coating on the inside of the tube, which emits visible light throughout the surface of the tube.

CFLs with magnetic ballasts flicker slightly when they start. They are also heavier than those with electronic ballasts. This may make them too heavy for some light fixtures. Electronic ballasts are more expensive, but light immediately (especially at low temperatures). They are also more efficient than magnetic ballasts. The tubes will last about 10,000 hours and the ballast about 50,000 hours. Most currently available CFLs have electronic ballasts.

   

CFLs are designed to operate within a specific temperature range. Temperatures below the range cause reduced output. Most are for indoor use, but there are models available for outdoor use. You can find a CFL's temperature range on most lamp packages. You should install outdoor CFLs in enclosed fixtures to minimize the adverse effects of colder temperatures.

CFLs are most cost effective and efficient in areas where lights are on for long periods of time. You'll experience a slower payback in areas where lights are turned on for short periods of time, such as in closets and pantries. Because CFLs do not need to be changed often, they are ideal for hard-to-reach areas.

   
LED (Light Emitting Diodes) :-
  1. Very low power consumption
  2. Vibration and shock resistant and not fragile
  3. High luminous efficiency of 100 lm/w already available commercially and 147 lm/w in laboratory
  4. No ultraviolet or infrared radiation, therefore No change of colour of objects
  5. No material, such as environment-polluting mercury
  6. No wastage of light from reflector on top or sidesPotential reduction in power consumption10,000 MW
  7. Long life
  8. Instant light
  9. Long life-No frequent maintenance/replacement costs for twenty years (@ 12 hours burning per night)
  10. Light output increases at low temperatures
  11. Available in all colours

 

Difference between incandescent Bulbs and LEDs:-

 

BULB
LED
  1. EFFICIENCY – 10Lm/W
  2. EFFICIENCY – 10Lm/W
  3. FRAGILE – FAILURE ON SHOCK PRONE
  4. CATASTROPHIC FAILURE
  5. LIGHT AND LIFE
  1. LIFE – 50,000 TO 100,000 HRS
  2. EFFICIENCY – 100 Lm/W
  3. SOLID-STATE VIBRATION RESISTANCE
  4. LIGHT GRADUALLY DEGRADES TO
  5. EXTINCTION
 
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Last Updated : 23 Mar,2014