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The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977.
The Manufacture, Storage, Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989.
The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
The Delhi Plastic Bag and Non-Biodegradable Garbage (Control)Act,2000.
The Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998.
The Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999.
The Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989.
The Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000.
List of colonies notified under the Act
Details of compounding officers and fine
Energy Conservation
Make Your Own Colors
Plantation Target and Achievement
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Workshop-Cum-Exhibition SWHS 10 Dec 2009
Env and Forest Dept
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Achievements

The major achievements of Department of Environment, Govt. of NCT of Delhi are:

Plantation/Greening of Delhi:- Every year a greening action plan is prepared for implementation by various greening agency. Specific targets are assigned to various greening agency for the year.Meticuleous monitoring of these target at different level of the government is done to ensure its implementation.

  • Under this action plan, Residents Welfare Associations (RWAs), Market Traders Association (MTAs), Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Schools have joined hands with the government agencies. About 90 Lakhs seedlings have been planted and 12 lakh seedlings have been distributed by various greening agencies including Forest department during the last four years.

  • In the year 2007-08, about 4.0 Lakhs saplings have been planted by the Forest Department and total 10 lakhs saplings were planted by all greening agencies. The Forest Department has distributed about 5.0 Lakhs saplings to various stakeholders including 354 RWAs and 384 Schools.

  • Green Delhi
    - Delhi is one of the Greenest Capital Cities in the World.
    - Green cover of Delhi increased from 30 sq.km to 300 sq. km in last 10 years.
    - Green cover is 20% of the Delhi's geographical area.
    - 5000 Acres of denuded mine land, developed with plantation of seven lakh trees with the help of Eco-Task Force, a unit of the Territorial Army.
    - 14 existing City Forests densified, 9 new city forest created in the year 2007-08 and 9 more new city forest added during the year 2008-09.
    - Two Biodiversity parks namely Yamuna Bio-Diversity Park and Aravali Bio-diversity Park are being developed.

  • Change in Forest & Tree Cover

  • Growth of Forest and Tree Cover in Delhi

    Year %of Geographic Area
    1993 1.48
    1995 1.75
    1997 1.75
    1995 5.93
    2001 10.2
    2003 18.07
    2005 19.09

  • Delhi's Greening Action Plan
    - Since 1997, an Annual Greening Action Plan is being prepared by the Forest Department.
    - Its main aim is to undertake afforestation programs in co-operation with various Government   Agencies and civil society groups.
    - Coordinated efforts involving 18 agencies being made.
    - 1.845 million tree saplings were planted in the year 2006-07.
    - The target for the year 2007-08 was 1.89 million saplings.
    - Target for 2008-09 also stands at 1.8 million saplings wer planted.

  • Plantation Target & Achievement ( Saplings in Millions)

    Year Target Achievement
    2001-2002 0.950 0.950
    2002-2003 0.985 0.920
    2003-2004 1.045 1.144
    2004-2005 1.254 1.353
    2005-2006 1.556 1.666
    2006-2007 1.711 1.845
    2007-2008 1.89 1.8
    2008-2009 1.348 1.137

  • Plantation for the year 2008-09 in lakh

    DEPARTMENT Target 2008-09 Achievement 2008-09 Target 2009-10
    Forest Department 4.0 3.15 3.0
    MCD 2.0 2.02 2.00
    DDA 1.85 1.78 1.85
    Eco Task Force 2.0 1.67 1.50
    DSIDC 1.0 0.67 0.50
    PWD (Hort.) 0.25 0.31 0.25
    Development Deptt. 1.0 * 0.79 1.00
    NDMC 0.20 0.18 0.2
    I&FCD - - -
    Delhi Jal Board 0.25 0.25 0.25
    CPWD 0.25 0.22 0.25
    Delhi Cantonment Board 0.15 0.0479 0.05
    Health Department 0.004 0.004 0.04
    DTC 0.001 0.001 0.001
    Airport Authority of India 0.08 0.008 0.02
    Education Department 0.20 0.24 0.25
    IPGCL 0.05 0.05 0.05
    DMRC 0.15 0.15 0.15
    Total 13.48 11.37 11.361
    Note: (*) = Development Deptt.+ I&FCD

  • Delhi - A City of Forests
    Examples of preserving Delhi's green heritage are:
    - Delhi has 5 Reserve Forests of 7784 Ha and 25 protected forests managed by different agencies including Forest Department.
    - 14 city forests in Delhi are managed by Department of Forest. 9 New City Forests developed in 2007-08. 6-7 new city forests planned for 2008-09.

  • Reserved Forests in Delhi


    S.No Name Area (ha.) Managing Agencies
    1 Northern Ridge 87 DDA, MCD & Forest Deptt.
    2 Central Ridge 864 Forest Deptt., DDA, Army, CPWD, NDMC, MCD
    3 South Central Ridge 626 DDA
    4 Nanakpura South Central 7 DDA
    5 Southern Ridge 6200 Forest, DDA, Sports Authority of India
    Total 7784 HA  

  • Protected Forests in Delhi

    S. No. Protected Forests Area
    1 Mitraon Protected Forest 105 acres
    2 Sultanpur Protected Forest 120 acres
    3 Mukhmelpur Protected Forest 133 acres
    4 Razokri Protected Forest 600 acres
    5 District Park Hauzkhas 400 acres
    6 Jahanapanah City Forest 800 acres
    7 Basant Nagar Moradabad Pahari area 200acres
    8 Vasant Vihar District Park 20 acres
    9 Dhaula Kuan Complex 200 acres
    10 Nehru University afforestation 200 acres
    11 District Park Gokul Puri 7.5 acres
    12 District Park Jhilmil Taharpur 20 acres
    13 Zonal Green area Kalyan Puri, Trilokpuri, Khichripur, Ghazipur etc 373 acres
    14 Sadhula Kalan, Namri, Gulabi Bagh & Darbar Khan Nursery and other areas. 100 acres
    15 Area Between Hill Road & Ludocastle Road 17 acres
    16 Wazirpur Near Bharat Nagar and Nemri Colony 120 acres
    17 Mayapuri Green Land 5 acres
    18 Hastsal afforestation 40 acres
    19 Inderpuri Narayana 32 acres
    20 M. P. Green area Najafgarh Drain (Tagore garden) 55.26 acres
    21 Nangloi sayed 257.56 acres
    22 District Park Rohtak road 35 acres
    23 M. P. green G-8 65 acres
    24 M. p. area Najafgarh Drain x M. p. area Najafgarh Drain 54.58 acres
    25 District Park Pitampura-CGH Society 185 acres

    S. No. City Forests managed by Forest Department Area
    1 Nasirpur City Forest 28
    2 Alipur City Forest 16.80
    3 Hauzrani City Forest 28.80
    4 Mitraon City Forest 40.00
    5 Sultanpur City Forest 48
    6 Ghumenhera City Forest 32
    7 Ghoga City Forest 10.40
    8 Shahapur Garhi City Forest 8.00
    9 Mamurpur City Forest 56
    10 Jindpur City Forest 47.60
    11 Mukhmelpur City Forest 53
    12 Bawana City Forest 32
    13 Garhi Mandu City Forest 300
    14 Anand Vihar City Forest 32

  • Management of Ridge land in Delhi
    - The Ridge land in Delhi was notified under the Indian Forest Act in 1994
    - The Ridge in Delhi is represented by an area of 7777 ha
    - The final notification of the Ridge land will be done after the final Forest settlement process is   completed for which demarcation is started

  • The extent of Ridge land in Delhi- At a glance

    S. No. Ridge Area
    1 Northern Ridge 87
    2 Central Ridge 864
    3 South Central Ridge 626
    4 Southern Ridge 6200
    Total 7777

  • Recent initiatives of the Department to protect the Ridge land
    - The Ridge Management Board (RMB) under the chairmanship of the Chief Secretary is   monitoring the matters related to the Ridge
    - The RMB meeting held on 29/06/2006, deliberated upon the issues such as protection of the   Central and South Central Ridge, unauthorized constructions in Dasgara village, shifting of   Sanjay Nagar colony from the Asola wild Life Sanctuary, on forestry activities in Sanjay Van,   eviction of encroachments from Nanakpura, etc,.
    - Vigilance Squad has been created to keep close watch and prevent encroachments and malba   dumping.

  • Ecorestoration of Bhatti area of Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary through Eco Task Force (ETF)
    - The Department is implementing the project on Rehabilitation of 2100 acres of Bhatti Mines area   since October 2000, which is a part of Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary.
    - Project period was for 5 years at the cost of Rs.823 lacs, same has been extended for a further   period of 3 years with an additional outlay of Rs.493.19 lakhs.
    - Up to 31.03.2006, 7.00 lakhs saplings have been planted.
    - Being extended for another 3 years this year.
    - A second Eco Task Force being created for Asola Wildlife Sanctuary of 5000 acres this year.

  • Compensatory Plantation
    - Under the Tree Preservation Act 1994, Delhi CA is done @ ten trees for one tree to be felled and   @ five trees for one tree to be translocated
    - Compensatory Plantation in a total area of 261.90 ha in villages ( Isapur, Hirankunda, Rewla   Khanpur, Kharkhari Jatmal, Sultanpur Dabas, Kungeshpur, Kutubgarh, Auchandi, Harewali) done   in 2007-08.
    - The area is being developed with proper landscaping so as to make 9 good City Forests.
    - 6-7 sites being taken up this year to create new city forests.

  • Water Bodies
    - 175 no. of water bodies has been identified.
    - Plantation of 17500 no. of saplings for rejuvenation of 175 Water Bodies.
      Break-up as given below:

    • West Division - 10000 Saplings
    • Central Division - 2500 Saplings
    • South Division - 5000 Saplings

  • Conservation Awareness Programmes
    - Through audio visual, print, electronic media as well as by organizing plantation activities on   various occasions.
    - Advertisement through English and Hindi Newspapers.
    - Posters and panels on road intersections, Metro and other appropriate places.
    - Involvement of 2000 Eco-Clubs which have become a Green Brigade for Delhi.
    - Involvement of 2000 RWAs who are active in Delhi's Greening efforts.

  • Free Distribution of Saplings
    5 Lakh sapling distributed through:

    • 13 Forest Nurseries and more than 600 outlets of
      • IGL
      • HPCL
      • IOC
      • BPCL
      • Mother Dairy booths
      • CNG Stations

Environmental Awareness Campaigns

  • About 2000 Eco-Clubs have been established in various schools/colleges of Delhi, which include Government Schools. These Eco-Clubs are conducting various environmental activities throughout the year. At the end of every year, Annual Eco Meet and Environmental Exhibition is organized wherein the representatives from all the Eco-club schools participate and exhibit various eco friendly products.

  • Anti-littering and anti-plastic bag campaign taken up under Bhagidari Programme involving Residents Welfare Associations, Market Traders Associations, schools, NGO's Corporate etc., to create awareness among citizens of Delhi. The Delhi degradable plastic beg (Manufactured, sale and usage) and garbage (control) act, 2000 is being implemented. Recently the act has been announced the salient feature of the act is:-

    1. Minimum thickness of the plastic bag shall be 40 microns.
    2. Recycled plastic bags shall not be used for storing, carrying and packing of food stuff.
    3. Recycling of Plastic bags shall be carried out as per BIS:14534:1998 namely guidelines for recycling of plastic bags shall be 8x12 inches of size
    Violation of these provisions of the Act can lead to imprisonment upto one year or a fine upto Rs. 25,000 or both.

  • Eco-care Programme (Environment and Sanitation drive ) in the residential areas is conducted with the help of RWAs, Eco-club schools/colleges, NGO's, Educational Institutions etc.These programmes evoked enthusiastic response from all the stakeholders indicating the success of the Bhagidari concept.

  • Anti-Fire Crackers Campaign is conducted every year on the occasion of Diwali festival with full support of citizens of Delhi especially the school children through Eco Clubs. The RWAs, NGOs, MTAs, Corporates are also actively involved. This Campaign is one the success stories of the Department of Environment since the last few years. The spirit of Bhagidari is a guiding factor behind the success.

  • Khelo Holi Naturaly Campaign is conducted every year during the Holi Festival to encourage the use of Natural Colours, instead of chemicals and Synthetic colours.

  • Awareness regarding menace created by littering of plastic bags, for use of alternate to plastic bags, like jute bags, cloth bags/paper bags etc also being carried out.

  • Clean Yamuna Campaign is conducted every year during May/June with the help of Government Functionaries, NGOs, RWAs , NCC, Schools, and Hospitals etc. During the drive huge quantity of plastic bags, garbage, water hyacinths and general litter from river embankment were lifted and sent to the sanitary landfill sites.

  • Yamuna action Plan Phase-II of the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt. of India is coordinated by this Department and some projects have been finalized in association with DJB & MCD.

Ambient Air Quality

  • Over the last four years, distinct improvement has been recorded in the ambient air quality of Delhi in terms of suspended particulate matter (SPM), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Oxides of Nitrogen (NO) and Lead. This was achieved through persistent efforts of phasing out old commercial vehicles, introduction of unleaded petrol and low Sulphur Diesel, extensive use of CNG based vehicles and increase in forest cover.

Air Pollution

  • Air Pollution sources are Transportation, Industries and Domestic air emissions.
  • The Govt of Delhi has taken the following steps to ensure control of air pollution from vehicles:
    1. More than 15 year old commercial / transport vehicles have been phased out.
    2. Entire public transport has been switch over to CNG fuel mode (appx. 130,000).
    3. Implementation of Bharat Stage III/Euro-III emission norms.
  • Efforts are being made to reduce Sulphur content in Diesel upto 50 PPM by the year 2010 and also to use 350 PPM Sulphur Diesel within a radius of 500 Km of Delhi.
  • 500 PUCs being linked on the net so that daily reports can be downloaded & monitoring can be done.
  • Creation of Air Ambience Fund, for levying fee on the sale of diesel at the rate of Re. 0.25 per liter in the NCT of Delhi. The Air Ambience Fund will be utilized for refund of VAT for conversion of Diesel vehicles to CNG.
  • VAT refund of 12.5% allowed for conversion of vehicles to clean fuel like CNG.
  • Use of Battery operated Vehicles having zero tailpipe emissions are being given concessions upto 30% of the price of the vehicles.
  • Whole of Delhi declared as air pollution control area under Air Act.
  • Stringent emission norms for industries and thermal power stations
  • Installation of Emission Control System in air polluting industries
  • Burning of leaves/plastics is prohibited.
  • Use of 5 KVA or more capacity of DG set is prohibited from 10 PM to 6AM except in group housing societies. Also, acoustic enclosure has been made mandatory in DG sets
  • 6000 cell phone towers and 600 Nursing Homes have been asked to provide acoustic enclosure and proper stack height in DG sets.

Water Pollution

  • Major sources: Domestic sewage and Industrial effluent.

  • Problems: Lesser Dissolved Oxygen, Higher Bio-Chemical Oxygen Demand, Fecal coliform and Toxic chemicals and heavy metals.

  • The Govt. of Delhi has ensured that more than 1200 industrial units have installed effluent treatment plants to treat their industrial wastewater.

  • 11 Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETPs) which treat wastewater generated from 15 industrial areas are being monitored every month.

  • 23 Sewage Treatment Plants of 512 MGD capacity, which have been installed to treat the sewage, are being monitored every month.

  • Interceptor sewer concept is being implemented by DJB on 3 major drains (Najafgarh, Supplementary and Shahadra drains) to keep Yamuna clean.

Noise Pollution

  • The major sources are industrial, aircraft, transportation and diesel generator sets.

  • Government of Delhi has notified an area of 100 meters, around the hospitals with 100 beds or more, educational institutions with 1000 students or more, all court complexes, all Govt. Office complexes as Silence Areas/Zones.

  • Acoustic enclosure is mandatory for Diesel Generator sets.

  • As per Hon’ble LG’s order, Generator sets of more than 5 KVA capacities are banned between 10.00 PM to 6.00AM, except for group housing societies.

Waste Management

          A. Municipal Solid Waste
  • 7000 MT MSW generated daily in Delhi. MSW generation will be 9000 MT by 2009.
  • Govt. intends to convert 3500 Tons of MSW per day into Power and Compost, in 3 projects through MCD and NDMC

  • Timarpur: 650 Tons per day MSW with output of 225 Tons per day RDF.

  • Okhla Plant : 1300 Ton per day MSW providing 450 Tons RDF. This includes NDMC SWM project as well. Electricity generation capacity is 16 MW.

  • Okhla and Timarpur projects have been awarded to M/s Jindal Urban Infrastructure Limited.

  • Ghazipur: 1300 Ton per day MSW with output of 450 Tons RDF. This is under process & is expected to be done by 2010. Electricity generation capacity is 10 MW.

  • MCD Compost Plant at Bhalaswa Sanitary Landfill Site: Composting is being done for 500 MT/day.

  • MCD Compost Plant at Narela-Bawana Sanitary Landfill Site: Composting will be done for 500 MT/day and plant will be operational by 2009.

  • Compost Plant at Okhla: Okhla compost plant of MCD is being upgraded to 200 Tons per day by ILFS Ecosmart. Work is in progress and expected to operational by May 2008.

  • APMC: Existing Compost plant of capacity 125TPD is being upgraded to 200 TPD. Commissioning of plant expected by July ’08.

  • The MCD proposes to develop engineered landfill site at Jaitpur, Narela-Bawana and Bhatti Mines.

  • The world bank has sanctioned grant under Japan’s Policy and Human Resource Development (PHRD) scheme for gas recovery and reuse to the Municipal Corporation of Delhi.

  • Pilot project for converting kitchen waste into compost is being undertaken by the Delhi Govt. at the Delhi Secretariat canteen. This may be replicated in all colonies by RWAs, and also installed in Hotels/ Hospitals/ Hostels to handle large scale kitchen waste. Maurya hotels have installed 3 OWCs for 3 of their kitchens. Tremendous potential in Group Housing Societies to reduce the burden on MCD dhalaos


          B. Biomedical Waste
  • 8.5 Mt per day biomedical waste generated from hospitals and health care establishments.
  • Two private waste operators are collecting such waste from more than 2,000 small clinics, dispensaries, nursing homes and hospitals.

  • Hospitals have installed 17 incinerators, 20 autoclaves and 2 microwaves to treat the waste, but many are outsourcing their waste to the two private developers.

          C. Electronic Waste
  • There are 5 processes involved in E-Waste.
       1. Collection of waste both electrical and electronic equipments
       2. Dismantling
       3. Extraction of Precious Metals.
       4. Recycling/Reuse
       5. Final disposal of e-waste residue in authorized landfill (TSDF).

  • Recently, CPCB has issued latest guidelines for e-waste management. DPCC has issued an EOI for authorizing operators for the above 5 processes. 41 firms have shown their interest. RFP documents are being prepared by the M/s Ernst and Young Consultant.


          D. Plastic Waste

Consequent upon the High Court order banning the use of plastic bags in all main markets and shopping centres, the following steps have been taken.

  • Notification is being issued banning manufacture of bags less than 40 microns

  • Notification is being issued banning the use of plastic bags in all shopping centres and main markets and is being advertised in national press

  • Vat Commissioner has been approached to extend Vat exemption for inputs used in manufacture of bio-degradable plastic bags.

  • Customs Commissioner has been approached for extending exemption of custom duty on machineries imported exclusively for manufacture of bio-degradable plastic bags.

  • Search and Seizure powers are being enabled for DPCC officials through in amendment of Delhi Plastic rules.

  • Plastic manufactures association has been advised to set up modern recycling units on the Polluter Pay Principle

  • PWD, CPWD, MCD,NHAI and DIAL have been advised to use plastic waste in road making

  • KVIC has been asked to encourage manufacture of handicraft item using plastic waste

  • 2 permanent stalls have been taken at Delhi haat to encourage the sell of paper, jute and cloth bags.

  • Railway board has been requested to use plastic waste in manufacturing of railway sleepers.

  • Delhi Airport, Railway board and ITPO have been directed to ensure proper collection and recycling of plastic waste from their premises.

  • BIS has been approached to develop protocol for bio-degradable plastic

  • 35 poly looms have been sanctioned for making value added products from plastic waste.

Rain Water Harvesting

  • Made mandatory for plots having minimum area of 100 sq. meters to install the Rainwater Harvesting Structures in their premises.

  • The financial assistance for 50% of the project cost or Rs. One Lakh, whichever is maximum, is provided by Delhi Govt/DJB to the RWAs/Schools for this purpose.

  • rain water harvesting structures have been created in more than 100 schools and colleges to harvest the 40 hours of rain in Delhi

  • Rain water harvesting structure will be installed in 2500 schools and colleges.

Waste Paper Recycling Machine

  • Waste Paper Recycling machine has been setup in the Delhi Secretariat for recycling the waste paper.

  • 88 paper recycling machines installed in schools of Delhi so far and 100 more being installed this year.

  • Cost of Paper Recycling Unit is about Rs.1.0 lakh

Solar Water Heating System

  • Delhi Govt. has made the use of solar water heating system mandatory in the buildings like Industries, Hospitals, Nursing homes, Hotels, Canteen, Residential buildings having an area of 500 sq.m, educational colleges, hostels, technical or vocational colleges etc.

  • Govt. of Delhi is providing rebate/ incentive of Rs. 6000/- to 60000/- depending upon the capacity to domestic electricity consumers for installation of solar water heater.

  • 45 solar water heater installed in schools & colleges of Delhi so far and 50 more being installed this year.

  • Cost for 1000 liter of solar water heater is about Rs.1.2 to 1.4 lakh.

  • Savings are 50 – 85% annually on power bills.

Green Building Concept

  • A green building encompasses features such as sustainable site planning, optimum energy efficiency, use of renewable form of energy, water and waste management, strategies, use of fly ash bricks etc.

  • Municipal Corporation of Delhi is adopting this concept in its 28 storeyed new civic center coming up at Minto Road and in its multilevel car parking.

  • Delhi Transco Ltd. is constructing its corporate office of 9000 sq. m. with the Energy conservation Building Code (ECBC). Which will cut down power consumption by 30%?

  • PWD proposes to adopt the concept of green building in their 500 bedded GTB Hospital, Dwarka Hospital, Thiagraja Sports Complex and Delhi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Review of Department of Environment,Forest & DPCC

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